Kratom and CBD share similarities as well as differences. Kratom is an extract of the Mitragyna speciosa belonging to the Rubiaceae family. The plant is dominant in Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua new guinea, and Thailand. Kratom use as a substitute for opium was common in the Southeast Asian countries in the past. According to research, it can possibly relieve pain and boost energy.
In the past, the product was useful in the production of textiles. At low doses, Kratom is a stimulant, while at high doses, it has characteristics similar to the opiates. Kratom, akuamma seeds, and poppy are the only natural sources of opioid alkaloids.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is an extract of the cannabis plant. CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the primary compounds in the plant. CBD differs from THC in that it does not cause the psychoactive effects to the user. It is present in both marijuana and the hemp plant. However, the hemp plant contains higher levels of CBD than marijuana.
Kratom Vs. CBD Regulations
The regulations on Kratom vary among countries and states. In the United States, it is legal at the federal level and illegal in some states such as Alabama and Indiana. It is a controlled substance in New Zealand, Germany, and Poland, while it is illegal in Thailand, Australia, and Myanmar.
CBD regulation differs depending on the Jurisdiction. Theoretically, a CBD product with THC content below 0.3% should be legal. However, Jurisdiction varies in the rules on the CBD. It is permissible to buy and use CBD in Belgium, Austria, Romania, and the UK.
Uses of Kratom and CBD
Kratom has a rich history as a therapy for numerous conditions and symptoms, such as hypertension, diarrhea, fever, and fatigue. Today, Kratom is commonly used in the treatment of opiate withdrawal, chronic pains, and fatigue.
CBD is also an effective anxiety reliever. CBD is widely viewed and available as a supplement. However, it is still under investigation for several other applications by scientific institutions. Besides, it is helpful to patients with insomnia, substance withdrawal, and depression. CBD is gaining popularity as a pain reliever. It is becoming crucial for people with arthritic conditions.
How Do They Work?
Consumption of Kratom in its natural form may be through chewing or smoking. It does not require heating for activation, as is the case for cannabis. It is crushed into powder and mixed with foods or drinks such as yogurt.
The leaves of the Kratom plant have over 25 alkaloids. Mitragynine (MG) is one of the dominant among them and is the leading cause of the analgesic effects. It is less effective when consumed alone than as an entire plant extract. Whole plant extract contains more active compounds. Kratom affects neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine.
CBD activates receptors and uses them to manipulate certain body functions through the endocannabinoid system. It helps to improve the quality of your sleep. Besides, it increases the levels of anandamide in the body.
Side effects and risks
Kratom has similar side effects to opioids such as nausea, itching, vomiting, dry mouth, and stomach pains. However, the possibility of experiencing an adverse reaction is less than opioids.
The World Health Organisation considers CBD as non-psychotropic and non-addictive. Its typical side effects include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, mood swings, and appetite changes.
Both Kratom and CBD are under investigation on the effect of conditions such as anxiety, chronic pain, and substance use. The two substances work in different ways at the molecular level, and they differ in risks and side effects. The similarity is in their potential impact on pain perception.